Mistra Carbon Exit is organized in four case studies and five academic work packages. The case studies have a high level of involvement from our non-academic partners and address energy carriers, buildings, transportation infrastructure, transportation and local arenas.
The aim of the case studies is to provide concrete examples around which the industry and the research can meet and exchange knowledge and experiences.The work packages define the research actions of all involved research groups. An important part of the research is carried out in connection to the case studies.
There are different potential energy supply options to achieve net zero emissions in transportation (primarily biofuels, electricity, hydrogen), where each option corresponds to different challenges and constraints. In addition to the growing interests in various low CO2 energy propulsion options, the transport sector is also experiencing several trends such as digitalization, servitization, and automation that could radically transform the way we transport people and goods. A key challenge is to drive this development towards high energy efficiency and low supply chain CO2 emissions.
The aim is to assess the impacts from alternative low CO2 energy propulsion options, autonomous vehicles and increased use of shared transportation including use of intermodal urban transport on the transformation of the transport supply chain towards net zero CO2 emissions.
The case study will be based on output from WP1 (scenarios), WP2 (low carbon supply chains in transports), WP3 (business models) and WP4 (policies) and will be performed together with industry and agency partners.
This case study takes departure in an available modelling package of the European electricity generation system (ELIN and EPOD models) from which different future scenarios of the electricity generation can be assessed, considering different policies on emission reduction, share of renewable electricity and energy efficiency measures. The case study will focus on and assess the use of lectricity and biomass derived fuels along the supply chains for buildings, transportation infrastructure and transportation.
The case study will be carried out in dialogue with industrial partners, including Energiforsk and associated networks with the energy industry (especially the network established within the North European Power Perspective project).
BUILDINGS AND TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE
This case study take departure in one (or several) ongoing building and infrastructure construction projects which provide a reference for how material, energy and transport and mobility services are used in the construction process including way construction materials are produced and supplied. The mapping and description of the energy, material and value flows involved provides the basis for an investigation of how the supply and value chains can be transformed in future, similar, building projects while maintaining competitiveness on carbon restricted markets.
The formulation of the transportation case study will be done in close cooperation with the transportation and energy carrier case studies since these will share scenarios on the future pathways of the transportation and energy system towards zero emissions and increased use of renewable energy supply.
In Sweden, regions have so far often had more ambitious climate targets than the Swedish national target and are willing to move faster (for instance Uppsala, Västra Götaland, Stockholm, Växjö, Skåneregionen aim at being fossil free by the year 2030). Such tendencies are also seen throughout Europe and in the US, where the state of California has a long record of being a frontrunner in environmental policies.
The aim of the Mistra Carbon Exit local arena case study is to:
- Use the local area to test transformative solutions and identify opportunities and barriers from both a technology and policy perspective.
- Analyse if national technology and policies are compatible with local targets and actions. For instance power availability; national transport solutions and standards that are decisive forlocal initiatives; climate footprints of steel and cement used in housing. What local policiesare within the control of the municipality?
- Investigate the value of being frontrunners in the transformation, with focus on buildings, transportation and transportation infrastructure, including the possibility to boost renewable technologies such as wind power and the use of biomass.
- Explore if and how the dialogue and cooperation between the regional and national level can be improved.
- Provide local stakeholders with science based advice to implement solutions for their prioritised actions areas.
WP1 Defining transformative pathways
The aim of this work package is to define scenarios that provide the critical information and context that will be used throughout the project. Two types of scenarios will be considered: External scenarios, with parameters determined largely by factors external to Swedish actors; and internal scenarios, containing strategic decisions within the control of Swedish actors on how different sectors are decarbonized.
WP2 Technology assessment along supply chains
The aim is to identify and describe technology pathways, including associated costs and risks, which can comply with zero or near zero emission along the supply chains of buildings, infrastructure and transport. Detailed technology assessment of technologies along the supply chain from raw material to final product and/or service provision will be provided together with an analysis on what options are available for mitigating carbon emissions along the supply chains and at what cost the carbon emissions can be reduced.
WP3 Changing market institutions and behaviors towards Swedish leadership
This work package focuses on the behavioral links between consumption, markets, business models and Swedish leadership. The work is based on the state of art research including economics, management science, sociology, psychology and political science, which complement each other to provide a more comprehensive picture of behavior and response to attitudes and climate policies. The behavioral approach used draws on methods from behavioral economics and psychology and recognizes that society can shape individual preferences and beliefs, in particular through institutions and social norms, and socialization processes.
WP4 Policies and governance
The overall aim of this work package is to provide high-quality scientific research on policy instruments that supports and informs the case studies on transformative pathways for Sweden towards a net zero greenhouse gas emissions in 2045/2050. While the research will take as a starting point the Swedish context and existing policy instruments relevant for the cases, there will also be projects that involve country comparisons and more general policy research when such projects are judged to be of importance to fulfil the key objectives of the programme.
WP5 Integration and sustainability assessment
The overall aim of this work package is to integrate the multi-disciplinary research in WP1-4, the case studies, and to provide guidance on the transformative pathways for the supply chains of buildings, transportation infrastructure and transportation system so as to comply with the Swedish greenhouse gas emission reduction targets. Specific aims are to assess to what extent the pathways will influence the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the Swedish Environmental Objectives, and to provide advice on corrective actions to avoid these impacts and to evaluate the impacts on the competitiveness of Swedish industries of the transformative changes.