The Mistra Carbon Exit research programme is identifying and analyzing the technical, economic and political opportunities and challenges for Sweden to reach the target of net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2045. We will identify pathways and policies for how Sweden and Swedish companies can become frontrunners in transforming society and industries, providing low carbon products and services while at the same time addressing market risks. This will make Sweden an important international example for other countries to follow.
Our starting point
- The Paris agreement and Sweden’s climate target net zero emissions 2045
- Transformative scenarios
Our main features
- Transformative changes – essential in reaching the zero emission target
In addition to incremental changes, such as increasing energy efficiency, building leaner constructions and substituting coal for gas larger, transformative changes will be required if we want to reach the zero emission target. These changes include new industrial processes in developing base materials, new mobility systems and alternative energy sources.
- From base materials to products and services – keeping a supply chain focus
By focusing on supply chains, rather than individual economic sectors, we will be able to identify key challenges and mitigation opportunities from primary production of materials to final end-uses. For instance, in a modern low energy building it will take 50 years or more before the emissions from energy use during operation are higher than emissions from producing the cement and steel in the building. By applying a supply chain focus, we can identify where in the supply chain of a building we should focus our efforts.
- Buildings, transportation infrastructure and transportation, including energy carriers and base materials
These selected supply chains allow us to capture at least 75 percent of Sweden’s CO2 emissions.
- Interdisciplinary– technologies, policies and governance, behavior and markets
Socio-technical transformations towards a fossil free society imply profound and enduring systemic changes and typically involve social, cultural, technological, political, economic and environmental processes.
- Case studies – close collaboration with end users. Supported by academic work packages
The aim of the case studies is to provide concrete examples around which the industry and the research groups can meet and exchange knowledge and experiences and provide decision support to policy makers. Transformative pathways for buildings, transportation infrastructure and transportation will be identified in close collaboration with industry. During this process opportunities and barriers, strategic choices and other critical issues will be identified. The “hot spots” will then be analyzed in academic work packages from a technical, economic, policy and behavioral point of view.
Time frame and Budget
Mistra Carbon Exit is a four year research programme, starting 2017, with a total of 82 MSEK funding, of which Mistra contributes with 56 MSEK. 26 MSEK is from industry partners in the form of in-kind. The programme is hosted by IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
The Mistra Carbon Exit consortium includes a broad representation actors of within industry, authorities and civil society: 10 academic centers, 16 companies, 1 municipality, 2 regions and 2 NGO:s.
Work packages and Case studies
Our work is organized in four case studies and five academic work packages. The case studies are supported by results from the academic work packages and have a high level of involvement from our non-academic partners.
- Energy carriers
- Buildings and Transportation infrastructure
- Local Arenas
- Defining Transformative Pathways (WP1)
- Technology Assessments along supply chains (WP2)
- Market behaviour and attitudes (WP3)
- Policies and Governance (WP4)
- Integration and sustainability Assessments (WP5)
This is what we do
- We will address and identify the technical, economic and political challenges for Sweden to reach the target of net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2045.
- This target will require transformative pathways with respect to virtually all industrial processes and their associated products and services.
- We take a novel approach to address this problem by focusing on opportunities and barriers for mitigating carbon emissions along the industry supply chains from the input of raw materials, over primary and secondary activities, to final products and services demanded by the end user.
- In three industrial case studies we will cover the supply chains buildings, transportation infrastructure and transportation. These selected supply chains allow us to capture at least 75 percent of Sweden’s CO2 emissions.
- We will analyze and identify pathways and policies for how Sweden and Swedish companies can become frontrunners in transforming society and industries, providing low carbon products and services while at the same time addressing market risks. This will make Sweden an important international example for other countries to follow, from a technical, a social and a policy point of view.
Is your organisation interested in being involved with Mistra Carbon Exit? Contact us.